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The Links Between Security Sector Reform and Development

Client: Australian Civil-Military Centre
Australian Civil-Military Centre
Project date

Sustineo was engaged in 2013 to undertake a research report into the impacts and costs of political, criminal and interpersonal violence upon socio-economic development. This project sought to better understand the link between security sector reform and development to provide for improved ways and means to operationalize interventions in fragile and post conflict states.

Through the use of a conceptual framework informed by a rigorous and comprehensive literature review, Sustineo investigated the statistics and figures that illustrate the barriers that insecurity poses to development. This included drawing on a broad range of academic and government literature to gain a deep understanding of the intersection between security and development. Four specific case studies – Timor-Leste, Solomon Islands, Afghanistan and South Sudan – were analysed to highlight the ways that violence and insecurity can inhibit development in practice.

Sustineo’s team presented complementary skills and experience that allowed for the production of a detailed final report, academically rigorous in nature, while also paving the way for policy recommendations for Australia and development practitioners.

The final research report provided a detailed exploration of the relationship between security and development, with a focus on how it inhibits development in fragile and conflict affected states. The paper provides a comprehensive synthesis of available information on the costs of different types of violence and how resulting insecurity constrains political and socioeconomic development. It gave a demand side overview of the changing nature of insecurity and violence, and their links to underdevelopment. It was designed to inform supply side responses such as security sector reform. The report contributes to the ongoing work on Australian government and NGO approaches to security sector reform.

Throughout the project, Sustineo’s commitment to a close working relationship ensured that the ACMC were fully engaged with the project and that the final report exactly matched their requirements and expectations. It was presented and positively received at the ACMC Research Workshop on December 4, 2013.